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All You Need To Know About Kolb Reflective Cycle

All You Need To Know About Kolb Reflective Cycle

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Kolb’s Model Of Reflective Cycle:

In 1984 David Kolb published his style of learning from which he developed for himself his own style directory his variation of reflective model has been named as “Experiential Learning” also known as “Kolb Reflective Cycle”.

The purpose and to put this reflective model into execution is by things we experience in our practical life then retrospect them observe and verdict the appraise about in 4 distinguished stages.

What Is Kolb’s Cycle Of Learning?

Humans are very fascinating creatures of God their ability to examine and process things through is what sets them apart from other beings their ability to experience expands their cognitive ability over the past few decades and a period of impressive amount of time this phenomenon has been studied and explained by many how a human brains works through form of reflective models and out of the many the most exceptional and influential model was brought by David Kolb which is commonly known as the “Experiential Model” (ELT) in abbreviation form which stands for “Experiential Learning Theory” in 1984.

This model has very commonly been used worldwide the concept for this model inclines to presuppositions that individuals ascertain by their actions or from more practically assertive experiences.

Direct teaching of information is a one negating way of education pedagogical approach is more affective because now we are in the much firm state of fastidiously choosing ways of teaching education, it does not matter whichever level of educational grade you assist to implementing a pedagogical model into your teaching which helps us to alter our experiences into knowledge is crucially significant to atone student’s progress.

How Kolb’s Experiential Learning Cycle Is Beneficial?

Experiential learning has been conducive for individuals in the process of intaking information through means of real life experience reflections aside from educational learning Kolb’s reflective model has proven to be significant in terms of jobs or internships for conventional programs and development professionals but under the circumstances of constant development in technology gadgets and advances in communicational techs and (MOOCs) Massive Open Online Courses advent higher education system intends to go for more “Experiential Learning Techniques” competency based degrees are one good example of today’s world where students have to drive competence from real world experiences.

Also read: Critical Analysis Of A Research paper

What is the difference between Experiential, Conventional & Didactic Learning?

Kolb Learning Cycle of 1984 is used fundamentally as one of the most useful learning styles of intaking new knowledge. Kolb’s reflective model concentrates on practitioners personal ascending stature in terms of self-growth and expanding point of views which is different from conventional and didactic learning in this type of learning process an individual is responsible for mandating his learning process Kolb’s reflective model is used in a leaden manner in academics by students because it allows students to apply their knowledge in real life circumstances practically.

Active Participation, Critical Thinking, Generating Avant Garde ideas, coming up with solutions for problems, contributing with life on personal scale and Communication Skills are all encouraged in Experiential Learning.

Whereas conventional and didactic methods are consisted of lectures, textbooks, homework and assignment these methods are incredible with the teaching of facts and clearing up the concepts but not necessarily how to apply them in real time in practical situations.

Both of these methods are good and essentially significant in their own ways for distinguished purposes and also perform well in different styles of teaching there is no contradiction that experiential learning is superlative when it comes to retaining new information into student’s knowledge.

Also read: How, Why, When, and Who Invented Homework?

How Kolb’s Learning Cycle Is Helpful To Students?

In order for you to comprehend How Kolb Reflective Model help students to retain the knowledge and expand it here are few steps to give you an insight of:

  • Familiarization: Students come in alignment with the subject matter through real life practical experiences and reflect them into their learning.
  • Being Cognizant Of: To ascend their stature in educational system students intricate themselves deep into the following aspect.
  • Restoration: Students recall the past retrieve the circumstances already happened.
  • Unification: Students strongly acknowledge the new information and retain it for a long time.
  • Assessing Process: Whether the experience was worth it or not students evaluate about it.
  • Merge: Students add in the new information along with the already existing information.
  • Execution: Students apply the newly learnt didactics to come up with solutions for the problems.
  • Further Wandering: Students do not end it there they continue to hunt for new knowledge.

What Is The Purpose Of Kolb’s Reflective Model?

David Kolb who came up with the model of Kolb’s reflective model of experiential learning in 1984 delivers the speculation of individuality among human beings each of them having different learning of styles depending upon their personal experiences of life encompassment genetics ambiance and the idea of past, present & future. In Kolb’s perspective a person goes through swiveled intricacies of life choices, worries and experiences which ends up in final settlement & analyzation of the experiences.

These reflections are then brought up into alignment with past knowledge and then given a new meaning into theories or abstract ideas which leads to implying actions in such ways that are completely different from the ones in the past which makes them settle to the experience that can be explored and tested.

His model of Kolb Reflective Cycle is pedagogical approach which he used at Stanford University to bring new information into his student’s knowledge through which he did accomplish his aim of self-directed study because he wanted his students to be their own problem solvers.

Also read: Emotive Language : Explanation, Uses, & Examples!

Image showing all the four steps of kolb reflective cycle | Pro UK Writings

4 Stages Of Kolb Reflective Cycle

Reflective cycle of David Kolb consists of 4 stages basically it is a 4-stage learning process in which an individual touches roots of all four crucial steps that goes into the model i.e. concreate learning, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization and active experimentation these are the 4 key stages of the model but what exactly are they? Let’s dive in and find out.


On everyday basis how a person interacts with others and display their involvement with others get examined because one person is constantly feeling and experiencing something in the ambience consciously and physically which makes them understand to systematically reflect which makes them to be comprehensive of new skill approach or improve their existing skills which they are in status quo practicing being in this stage make a note out of a particular situation with interpretation of what you had experienced with this specific situation.


Seeing one situation from many different points of view open doors to endless opportunities and this is precisely what one does at this stage they comprehend the situation and ideas from many different perspectives the learner gets a new perspective of the same situation out of making verdict about it but make sure to not essentially execute any act learners write down their narration based off of their feelings and musings.


 The main objective of reflection in models is to shine light to new ideas creatively or to modify an old abstract through logical approach, ideas and theories instead of utilizing personal feelings, dilemmas or experience abstract conceptualization of Kolb model is more of a practically logical approach to have an insight of the circumstances where systematic planning and building practical solutions for situations are also helpful in this process.


At this stage the learners execute the newly made or modified concepts into experimentation at active stage active learners experience new aspects by experiments with different situations at this stage the practical approach is exalted which is different from analysis individual apply their ideas and put them out into the world to examine which consequences take place.

These are the 4 key stages of David Kolbd model of reflection.

For any type of service and Blog information Pro UK Writings have always exceeded all expectations now that you know all about David Kolb’s model of reflection make sure to also read Gibb’s reflective model & Rolf et. al model.


Find Solutions of your queries 

Kolb’s reflective model is a model of reflection established by David Kolb in 1984 exclusively been designed to assist individuals in inclusive fields as it allows them to reflect their experiences and be creative for future possibilities.

Here are the 4 stages of Kolb’s Reflective Cycle

  • (CE) stands for Concrete Experience
  • (RO) stands for Reflective Observation
  • (AC) stands for Abstract Conceptualization
  • (AE) stands for Active Experimentation

Kolb’s model of self-reflection is advantageous for self-atonement and growth this is the main objective that had been kept in mind while creating this model.

Johne Dewey’s claim that “learning must be grounded in experience” was the inspiration behind David Kolb’s intention of coming up with an effective way of learning new information in which he did reach for success because his model is among the best ones.

If the process is not done with meticulousness and right procedure then it may lead to false conclusions for the situation or problems in practical life or inappropriate solutions for the situations in academics.

The 2 dimensions that goes into the Kolb model of reflection are comprehension and process these 2 steps have been bifurcated into 2 categories of each like:
  • How a person comprehends the information the understanding of their experiences have been classified into the 2 stages of the model concreate experience and abstract conceptualization.
  • This is the second stage of the dimension where the process takes place in order to process active information this dimension has been divided into other 2 stages of the model reflective observation and active experimentation.
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